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International Land Coalition (ILC)

In November 1995 over 1,000 representatives of civil society organizations, governments, the Bretton Woods institutions, United Nations agencies and EU institutions came together in Brussels for the Conference on Hunger and Poverty. The conference recognized the importance of equity in access to land for rural development and resolved to create an alliance of civil society and intergovernmental agencies.

In 2003 the organization was transformed into the International Land Coalition (ILC) as part of strategic focus on land access issues from the earlier wider mandate. The name reflects our identity (an international organization), our focus (land, which by definition includes natural resources) and our nature (a coalition of organizations).

In 1995 land issues had fallen from the development agenda. ILC responded by promoting the need to put land back on the agenda. It did so by working with its civil society and intergovernmental members to advocate for secure access to land. Today land is not only back on the agenda, it is confirmed to be linked to many development goals, from food security, to conflict prevention, to peace and security, to combating desertification and environmental degradation.

The ILC’s vision for the next four years is captured in the new Strategic Framework for 2007-2011, which sets out how it will contribute to worldwide commitments to reduce poverty by helping poor people improve their secure access to natural resources, especially land. It builds on the lessons learned from working with its diverse membership and partners in over 40 countries; the experience from the previous strategic framework; the findings of the 2006 external evaluation; and the changing nature and rising challenges of land issues for the resource-poor.

There is now more than ever a "need for effective mechanisms that encourage and foster dialogue about land issues. Dialogue is particularly needed given the fact that land issues tend to be not only technical questions, but issues with highly sensitive political and social implications. This presents a very positive context for an organization like ILC, whose mission and objectives seem to be even more relevant today than they were a decade ago."

Vision and mission:

Ensuring that natural resources, especially land, are accessed and used equitably and managed sustainably is key to enabling poor women and men to exercise their fundamental economic, social, political and cultural rights; especially the rights of everyone to be free from hunger and poverty, and for their dignity and identity to be respected. Development with equity and dignity is essential for building a peaceful world.


Secure and equitable access to and control over land reduces poverty and contributes to identity, dignity and inclusion.


The International Land Coalition is a global alliance of civil society and intergovernmental organizations working together to promote secure and equitable access to and control over land for poor women and men through advocacy, dialogue and capacity building.


The goal of the ILC is to enhance the capacities of its members and partners as well as their opportunities, at all levels, for pro-poor policy dialogue and influence to promote secure and equitable access to and control over land and other natural resources that are vital to the livelihoods of poor women and men.

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